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Area Formula for Quadrilaterals

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Unlocking Quadrilateral Areas: Formulas, Insights, and Applications

Comprehensive Definition, Description, Examples & Rules 

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Introduction to Quadrilaterals

A polygon with a total of four edges and sides is referred to as a quadrilateral. Quadrilaterals come in a variety of shapes like squares, rectangles, parallelograms, and trapeziums. Each of these different kinds of quadrilaterals has unique properties that are specific to them. Quadrilaterals have an important role to play in geometry as they help us to do constructions, and calculate the area and perimeter of various kinds of shapes. They also have an essential role to play in various real-life applications like architecture, engineering, and more. 

Understanding Quadrilaterals

We call those polygons quadrilaterals that have four sides and four vertices. Quadrilaterals show various properties that are unique to them, for example:

  • All quadrilaterals have four sides.
  • All internal angles in a quadrilateral sum up to 360 degrees.
  • All external angles in a quadrilateral sum up to 360 degrees.
  • A quadrilateral can have up to two diagonals or line segments connecting opposite vertices.

The Quadrilateral Area Formula

The area formula for quadrilaterals can be defined as:

A= 0.5 * d1 * d2 SIN (θ)

Here is a detailed explanation of all the components used in the formula:

  • A: Area of the quadrilateral
  • d1 and d2: The lengths of the two diagonals of the quadrilateral.
  • Θ: The angle that lies between the two diagonals. 

Finding the Area of a Quadrilateral

Here is a step-by-step procedure for computing the area of a quadrilateral using the formula given above: 

Step 1

Identify the diagonals in the given quadrilateral and the included angle(θ).

Step 2

Put the values for diagonal 1 and 2, and θ in the formula to compute the total area of the quadrilateral. 

Here are some numerical examples to help you understand the area calculations better:

Example 1

Find the area of a quadrilateral with diagonals of length 10 cm and 8 cm and θ as 45 degrees. 

Solution

We know that the quadrilateral formula for area is: A = 0.5 * d1 * d2 * sin(θ)

After putting in the values, 

A= 0.5 * 10 * 8 * 0.7071                   [sin(45)= 0.7071]

Hence, A= 30.84 cm^2

Example 2

Find the length of one of the diagonals of a quadrilateral with the other diagonal of length 10 cm, area as 50 cm^2, and θ as 90 degrees. 

Solution

We know that the quadrilateral formula for area is: A = 0.5 * d1 * d2 * sin(θ)

After putting in the values,

50= 0.5 * 10 * d2 * 1               [sin(θ)= 1]

Transposing the values,

50= 50 * d2

d2= 1

Hence, the length of the other diagonal is 1 cm. 

Infographics: Visual Representation

Here is a visual representation to demonstrate the formula and the concept of quadrilateral area:

Rectangle 

quadrilateral formula rectangle

Square

quadrilateral formula squire

Parallelogram

quadrilateral formula paralellogram

Trapezoid

quadrilateral formula trapezoid

Special Types of Quadrilaterals

There are a variety of quadrilaterals and each one of them has their unique properties and different formulas for calculating their area. Here is a list of different types of quadrilaterals and their specific area calculation formula:

Rectangle

We call those quadrilaterals rectangles that have four right angles, four sides and also have two opposite pairs of sides equal in length. The area of a rectangle is calculated using the given formula: 

A= l * b

Where, 

‘A’: area of the rectangle.

‘l’: length of one of the sides of the rectangle.

‘b’ refers to the breadth of one of the sides of the rectangle.

Square

We call those quadrilateral squares that have four right angles, four sides and all four sides equal in length. The area of a square is calculated using the given formula: 

A= s^2

 

Where, 

‘A’: the area of the rectangle.

‘s’: the length of any one of the sides of the square.

Parallelogram

A quadrilateral having opposite sides as equal in length and parallel to each other is called a parallelogram. A parallelogram’s area can be computed using the formula: 

A= b * h

Where, 

‘A’: the area of the rectangle.

‘h’ refers to the height of the parallelogram.

‘b’ refers to the measure of the base of the parallelogram.

Trapezoid

A trapezoid is a quadrilateral that has at least one pair of sides that are parallel to each other, known as the bases. The area of a trapezoid can be computed using the given formula: 

A= b1 + b2 / 2 * h

Where, 

‘A’: the area of the rectangle.

‘b1’ and ‘b2’ refer to the length of the bases or the two equal sides.

‘h’ refers to the height of the trapezoid or the perpendicular distance between the bases. 

Real-World Applications

Quadrilaterals are used in a variety of real-world applications like:

Land Surveying: Quadrilaterals can be used to calculate the area of plots of land and determine the right market prices for them.

Architecture: Quadrilaterals can be used to design creative floors for houses in various shapes, determine the quantity of materials needed for the project, etc. 

Construction: Quadrilaterals can be used to determine the area upon which a building or a structure would be founded to ensure precise distribution of the total load, which is very crucial in construction. 

Comparing Quadrilaterals with Other Shapes

Different types of shapes have different formulas for calculating their area. Here is a representation of the different formulas used for different kinds of shapes:

Quadrilaterals

The quadrilateral area formula is given as: A = 0.5 * d1 * d2 * sin(θ)

Where, 

  • A: Area of the quadrilateral
  • d1 and d2: The lengths of the two diagonals of the quadrilateral.
  • θ: The angle between the two diagonals.

Triangles

The formula for calculating the area of triangles is given as A= ½ * b * h

Where,

  • A: Area of the triangle
  • b: Base of the triangle
  • h: Height of the triangle

Circles

The formula for calculating the area of circles is given as A= πr^2

Where ‘r’ stands for the radius of the circle. 

Common Mistakes and Pitfalls

Here is a list of some common errors that people make while calculating the area of quadrilaterals and how to avoid them:

  • Using the wrong formula: Always remember that every quadrilateral has its formula for calculating its area. You should keep yourself abreast of all the specific formulas for calculating the area for different quadrilaterals to make accurate calculations.
  • Using different units: make sure that you use the same kind of units throughout the formula to avoid any discrepancies in the final result. 
  • Inaccurate measurements: Make sure to take the correct measurements of sides and angles to calculate the area of quadrilaterals precisely. 

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Key Takeaways

  1. Any four-sided polygon in geometry is known as a quadrilateral. 

  2. Quadrilaterals come in a variety of shapes like squares, rectangles, parallelograms, and trapeziums.

  3. Quadrilaterals are used in various real-life processes like architecture, construction, engineering, etc.

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Frequently Asked Questions

The formula for calculating the area of a quadrilateral is 0.5 * d1 * d2 * sin(θ), while that of triangles is ½ * b * h, and of circles is πr^2.

Here are specific area formulas for different kinds of quadrilaterals:

Rectangle: l*b

Square: s^2

Parallelogram: b * h

Trapezoid: b1 + b2 / 2 * h

In architecture, quadrilaterals are used to design floors and in construction, they are used to determine the area of foundation for various kinds of structures.

Some common mistakes to avoid when calculating the area of a quadrilateral are using the wrong formula for quadrilaterals and different units in the formula. Some strategies that can ensure accurate results are knowing the correct area formula for each quadrilateral and maintaining the same units for calculation throughout the formula. 

Yes, different types of quadrilaterals have unique characteristics or properties that affect their area calculations. For example, a square has all sides equal in length, a rectangle has two different pairs of equal sides, etc. These properties have a crucial role to play in determining the area of various quadrilaterals. 

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2D Shapes2cosacosb Formula30-60-90 Formulas3D ShapesAbsolute Value FormulaAcute AngleAcute Angle triangleAdditionAlgebra FormulasAlgebra of MatricesAlgebraic EquationsAlgebraic ExpressionsAngle FormulaAnnulusAnova FormulaAnti-derivative FormulaAntiderivative FormulaApplication of DerivativesApplications of IntegrationArc Length FormulaArccot FormulaArctan FormulaArea Formula for QuadrilateralsArea FormulasArea Of A Sector Of A Circle FormulaArea Of An Octagon FormulaArea Of Isosceles TriangleArea Of ShapesArea Under the Curve FormulaArea of RectangleArea of Regular Polygon FormulaArea of TriangleArea of a Circle FormulaArea of a Pentagon FormulaArea of a Square FormulaArea of a Trapezoid FormulaArithmetic Mean FormulaArithmetic ProgressionsArithmetic Sequence Recursive FormulaArithmetic and Geometric ProgressionAscending OrderAssociative Property FormulaAsymptote FormulaAverage Deviation FormulaAverage Rate of Change FormulaAveragesAxioms Of ProbabilityAxis of Symmetry FormulaBasic Math FormulasBasics Of AlgebraBinary FormulaBinomial Probability FormulaBinomial Theorem FormulaBinomial distributionBodmas RuleBoolean AlgebraBusiness MathematicsCalculusCelsius FormulaCentral Angle of a Circle FormulaCentral Limit Theorem FormulaCentroid of a Trapezoid FormulaChain RuleChain Rule FormulaChange of Base FormulaChi Square FormulaCirclesCircumference FormulaCoefficient of Determination FormulaCoefficient of Variation FormulaCofactor FormulaComplete the square formulaComplex numbersCompound Interest FormulaConditional Probability FormulaConeConfidence Interval FormulaCongruence of TrianglesCorrelation Coefficient FormulaCos Double Angle FormulaCos Square theta FormulaCos Theta FormulaCosec Cot FormulaCosecant FormulaCosine FormulaCovariance FormulaCubeCurated Maths Resources for Teachers – EdulyteCylinderDecimalsDifferential calculusDiscover the world of MathsEllipseEquilateral triangleEuler’s formulaEven numbersExponentsFractionFraction to decimalGeometric sequenceHeptagonHyperbolaIntegersIntegrationIntegration by partsLinesLocusMatricesNatural numbersNumber lineOdd numbersParallelogramPercentage formulaPerimeterPolygonPolynomialsPrismProbabilityPyramidPythagoras theoremRoman NumeralsScalene triangleSetsShapes NamesSimple interest formulaSlope formulaSolid shapesSphereSquareStandard deviation formulaSubtractionSymmetryTimeTrianglesTrigonometry formulaTypes of anglesValue of PiVariance formulaVectorVolume formulasVolume of a coneVolume of sphere formulaWhole numbers
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