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Famous Mathematicians and Their Contributions

Only a few individuals have mastered mathematics and have turned out to be among the great mathematicians. Maths is the increasingly focal part of the world and an accurately interesting kingdom of thought. Also, being a mathematician is tough. However, do you know that long before the evolution of this subject which gave us quantum physics, GPS Satellites, and computers, there have been generations of intelligent minds? They built up to standard mathematical tools and ideas which sit at the foundation of our knowledge about math and its relation to the Globe. Out of all those, there have been a few well-known mathematicians. 

Famous Mathematicians along with their contributions


Women are always under-represented in this subject, still the history of Mathematics is not male-exclusive. Hypatia was a scholar at a library in Alexandria in the 4th Century CE. Her most useful scientific legacy was the edited version of Euclid’s “The Elements”, the most relevant Greek mathematical text, and among the basic versions for centuries.

George Boole

When it comes to Famous mathematicians, there is no way George can be missed. He was the English Mathematician (1815-1864) well-known for the work on logic that became Boolean algebra i.e., the math behind all computers. George’s early career was exceptional as he didn’t study for the degree and became the assistant school teacher. Besides a few mathematics lessons from his father, George was self-taught in maths. Although he didn’t have any degree, he got appointed as the mathematics professor at Queen’s college in The County Cork, Ireland. Eventually, he received honorary degrees from University College Dublin and Oxford University. The most significant work by George Boole is regarded by a lot of people to be “the examination into laws of thought”. 


He was one of the great mathematicians, and Euclid was popular as “Father of Geometry”. His well-known contribution in Geometry is called the Euclidean Geometry that is there in Class 9th’s Geometry Chapter. Euclid spent all his life working on this subject and set the revolutionary contribution to Geometry. 

Girolamo Cardano

The Italian polymath for whom the invention of the Renaissance term could have taken place. A professional doctor, Girolamo wrote 131 books. Also, he was the compulsive gambler. This was Girolamo’s last habit which resulted in him doing the 1st scientific probability analysis. He realised that he could win more on a dicing table in case he expressed the likelihood of the chance events utilizing numbers. This was the revolutionary idea, and it resulted in probability theory that, in turn, led to the birth of marketing, statistics, weather forecast, and insurance industry. 

Issac Newton

Perhaps, Issac Newton is most famous for the legend on evolving the universal gravity laws. Let’s take a look at what makes him on this list of the Famous mathematicians. It is known that the young Issac was sitting under the apple tree while he got struck on his head by the fruit. This resulted in his crucible instant, for developing a few of the most relevant modern physics principles. Besides, he is well-known for his binomial theorem and calculus discovery. It, in large, has been utilized for working out the probability of things with the help of statistics. 


The “Pythagoras Theorem” is quite famous and a relevant mathematical formula for solving mathematical issues. Since childhood, each one of us has struggled in solving mathematical issues using this theorem. Pythagoras discovered it and he became the father of “Pythagoras Theorem”. He was from Greece, however, he fled off to India later on in his life. 

Leonhard Euler

Regarded as among the most prolific and great mathematicians of all time, Leonhard has published nearly 900 books. While he went blind later on in his late 50s, his productivity in plenty of areas was enhanced. His famous formula was eiπ + 1 = 0, where i is minus one’s square root, e is a mathematical constant which, at times, is called Euler’s number. It is hugely regarded as the most appealing one in Maths. Later, Leonhard took an interest in the Latin Squares i.e., grids where every row and column consists of every member of the set of numbers/objects once. Without this piece of work, you may not have had Sudoku.


His work comprised the rules for computing with zero. Traditionally, it was utilized as the placeholder. Also, he wrote a few relevant works upon astronomy besides maths. This 7th-century Indian Mathematician displayed instances like how to look for the cube-root of any integer and gave rules about square roots and squares.


Talking about Famous mathematicians, Archimedes was the Greek scientist, the physician, and the great mathematician. Also, he worked his whole life in the search of discovering the mathematical formulas which are associated with Physics. His best contribution in Maths is called the invention of compound pulleys, screw pump, and antiquity. Students of Class 10th have to study the compound pulleys and antiquity chapters.

Carl Friedrich Gauss 

Called the Prince of Mathematicians, Carl made important contributions to the most field of 19th-century maths. Being the obsessive perfectionist, he did not publish a lot of his work and preferred rework along with improving theorems firstly. Carl’s revolutionary discovery of the non-Euclidean space (that it is mathematically continuous that the parallel lines might diverge) was found in the notes after his demise. When it comes to great mathematicians, Carl Friedrich Gauss is a name to remember. During his astronomical data analysis, Carl realized that the measurement error generated the bell curve, and that shape is now called the Gaussian distribution. 


This Indian Mathematician has had a huge impact on astronomy and mathematics. Aryabhata’s contribution incorporates his work on offering the approximate value. He asserted that the Earth is rotating on the axis around the sun and the moon rotated around it. Also, Aryabhata spoke about the 9 planets’ position and mentioned that they revolved around the sun. 


Each one of the above-mentioned mathematicians contributed in some way or other, be it the major effect on society or the minor influence. They gained popularity along the way in the struggle for developing the latest mathematical ideas and creating something valuable for the Globe to utilize. They prove that if studied with utmost devotion and dedication, even a tough subject like Maths, can be understood with sheer ease. Now in the 21st century, you can make the most of the technological innovations and learn Mathematics at i.e., one of the top-leading online learning platforms. Here, you will get the guidance of several experienced and qualified Math tutors who will clear all your doubts and assure you a hassle-free learning experience.

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