Greetings in English you must learn


The greeting sets the tone of your conversation. And it also helps you in making an impression. Learn the most useful greetings in English language with examples in Edulyte’s blog.

Greeting words are among the first few words you pick up when learning your mother tongue or a foreign language. When it comes to learning English, you would have already learnt “hello”. But there are many more exciting greeting words that you should know to be clear and precise.

Which words would be ideal for professional calls? How do you greet your relatives? Is there any slang greeting words that can help you communicate better? Whether you are an ESL student or a professional, Edulyte offers support in English for all.

Formal Greetings

Of course, you cannot use the same greeting words in all situations. For official communication, you require a more formal tone and expression.

Some of these formal situations are:

Some of the ways to start your conversations are:

The use of these greetings depends on the time of the day. With these phrases, you can get a conversation going with your colleagues, your co-passenger on a flight, or even your neighbours.

“Good morning” is used from 5:00 a.m. to 12:00 p.m., and “Good afternoon” is from 12:00 p.m. to 6:00 p.m. Finally, “Good evening” is often used after 6 p.m. or when the sun goes down.

Tip: Good night is not a greeting in English language. Instead, it is a way of saying goodbye.

You can be more civil and courteous; you can add the person’s last name while wishing them.

In case you do not know the other person’s name, you can address them in the following manner:

Such a salutation helps out, primarily if you work in the customer care or service industry.

It is a perfect way to start communication at a business lunch or a conference. If someone greets you in this manner, the correct response would be to ask them the same question.

Or you can also say, “Nice to meet you.” It is an excellent way to greet someone you are meeting for the first time. 

Lovely to see you is a very British way of greeting someone. It sounds more refined and sincere. 

If you have already met the person before, you can greet the person using this expression.

Formal greetings in English language for emails and letters

Yes, don’t we all dread writing official mails, thinking about the best way to convey our message formally and politely? One tiny error while writing the mail can lead to embarrassing situations. Below are some suitable greetings to start your communication in the right way.

While typing a mail, if we do not know the person we are addressing it to, it is always the best way to start your conversation. You can be applying for a job or filing a complaint. It is advisable to start it with Dear Sir/Madam.

While writing a mail to HR or applying for a position in a firm or a company, this greeting comes in handy. Also, the salutation in the inbox or mail will direct your mail to the concerned person in the company.

During official communication, you interact with many people. After you get acquainted with them, you can always refer to them with their last names. 

While mailing a person who is a doctor or a professor, you can use their titles along with their names. 

For tips regarding formal e-mail writing click here.

If you are worried about your English speaking skills for IELTS and PTE, then contact Edulyte. We ensure a strategic prep for IELTS, PTE and general conversation. Highly qualified English trainers teach you methods not just for scoring well but also for being confident in the language.

Informal Greetings

So you are already well familiar with a person. How do you converse with them? What should be your opening line? 

Informal greetings are for such occasions. They can be used in the following scenarios:


You are probably already using these terms. You can add the person’s name after the greeting.

Tip: Hey can be casually used with friends. Do not be shocked if you hear it being used with a stranger. It is acceptable to do it if your tone is not rude

How are you doing/ How have you been/How’s it going/ How’s life?

In an informal set-up, this is the usual way of asking about a person’s well being.

It’s good to see you/ Nice to see you/It’s been a while

When you are delighted to meet an old friend after a while or bump into a relative after ages, such a greeting shows your happiness.

Slang Greetings

Slang greetings are fun and show that you are comfortable with the other person. It also makes you sound cool!

Thanks to Hollywood, this slang greeting is used by English speakers everywhere. You can also use it with your colleagues if you are friends. Such expressions are a laid back way of asking what the other person has been doing and is there anything new in their life? You can use them while sending text messages too.

The number of ‘y’s can be more if you send a text message. While speaking, you can instead have a long “ay” sound at the end.

An expression that reminds you of a cowboy is a short form of “how are you doing.”

This casual greeting is an Australian abbreviation of “good day”. Remember that Australian greetings often use “ya” instead of “you.”

Sounds creepy? But not when you use it with your friends. It is a funny way of saying that you haven’t seen your friends for long.

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Frequently Asked Questions

Is goodnight one word?

We see both; good night and good night being used often. To say goodbye, good night can be written and used as one word or two words. Both are acceptable.

How to say hi?

If you are unable to decide which greeting to use, then go for a simple “hello,” “hey,” or “hi.” You can use these in almost any situation!

How to say hello in a friendly way?

If you want to appear less formal and more friendly, you can just say “hey there,” or type “hey there :).”

How do I greet someone in chat?

A chat is usually informal, so saying “hey” or something even friendlier (and slangier) like “you” or “sup” will do.

What are the minimum scores required in an English language test?

Please note that the English language test score requirements vary depending on the academic institution or the company you have applied to in an English-speaking country.

The table below will give you a general idea about the range accepted:

  • Minimum IELTS Academic scores range from 5.0 – 7.0
  • Minimum PTE Academic scores range from 50 – 65
  • Minimum TOEFL® iBT scores range from 65 – 90
  • C1 Advanced scores: A, B, or C
How do I register for the PTE exam?

You will have to register for a Pearson account on website. Once the account is created, you can schedule your test.

How do you respectfully greet someone?

The most respectful greetings in English language are formal ones like “hello,” “good morning”, or “good evening.” To make it even more respectful, add the listener’s formal title afterwards, like “hello, Mr. or Mrs. ______,” or even “hello, sir or ma’am.”

Can a greeting be used to make small talk in English?

Small talk is a great way to practice your conversational skills. And greetings are THE way to start a small talk. You can begin with “how are you” and then build on it to cover more topics.

What type of English is used in Australia?

English in Australia shares an affinity with British English. The spellings and vocabulary are also more in sync with British English. So an apartment is a flat in Australia, and traveled is travelled.

Of course, English has been adapted and changed to include several slangs which are uniquely Aussie. 

Breakfast is Breaky

Sunglasses are Sunnies

Good on ya means well done.

Also, the pronunciation is distinctive from English heard in other parts of the globe. For example, Australian English is not a rhotic variety. It means the/r/ sounds pattern is more similar to British English than American English.

How can I speak English fluently?

Though we discussed greetings in English language in detail, here are a few more pointers for you to speak the language more confidently and fluently:

Speak slowly: it might often happen that you want to express your thoughts with the words you have just picked up, and in a hurry to do so, you falter while speaking. Since you are improving the language, speak slowly to articulate your thoughts well. Your speed will increase with this practice.

Be confident: even if you are making a mistake. Stop and apologise for it, and then correct yourself. Do not hesitate even if you aren’t sure about your sentence structure. Speak up. Once you act confident, you will speak and make fewer mistakes. 

Speak in phrases: fluency means speaking without hesitation, do not just pick up words. Instead, let them with expressions. For example, if the word is “negotiate,” then learn it: We negotiated the business deal. In this way, you know the word in context and can use it in the proper context.

Get trained in English: no other medium can give you the exposure you require to speak fluently other than joining English training classes. You can communicate regularly with other learners, recognise your mistakes and learners, recognise your mistake and receive.

I am confident with specific language skills and require assistance only in a particular area. Will I get help regarding it?

Of course! We have created courses that cater to the specific needs of the learners. Check our courses and find the one that is suitable for you.

Would an online English class be as effective as face-to-face learning?

It is a myth that offline classes are more effective than online classes. Online courses save you time and give you greater control over your learning. Why don’t you try our trial class to see for yourself!

Does Edulyte offer training for IELTS/PTE?

Yes! Edulyte has trained people to clear these language proficiency tests with great scores. Our highly qualified faculty can craft courses and methodologies that cater to your specific needs. For more information regarding our coaching for IELTS/PTE, click here

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