Learn English Grammar

Proper Nouns


prɒpə ˈnaʊns



Edulyte 24x7 English Class

Learn English anytime, anywhere

Find Classes

Linguistic Identities: Exploring the World of Proper Nouns

Comprehensive Definition, Description, Examples & Rules 

Edulyte 24x7 English Class

Learn English anytime, anywhere

Find Classes
What will you learn

Introduction to Proper Nouns

Proper nouns have an essential role to play in English grammar. The proper noun is a specific name of a particular place or maybe a person or a thing. You should write proper nouns with a capital letter in English grammar, no matter where they are in the sentence. 

What is a proper noun?

Proper nouns meaning is a name of a particular thing, place, or person. The proper noun example is David or Australia. The proper noun words are not combined with articles or other determiners and are always written in capital letters. 

The role of proper nouns in English grammar is to add the names of particular places or people in the sentence. It helps to add expensive detail to the sentence and make it more understandable. 

There is a difference between a common noun and a proper noun. A common noun refers to a general thing which might be a mountain or a city. On the other hand, a proper noun relates directly to a specific thing with is an added name. You will only write a common noun in capital letters when you begin a sentence with it. A proper noun is always capitalized wherever it lies in the sentence.

Characteristics and Rules of Proper Nouns

There are basic proper nouns rules that you need to follow. A proper noun is a name of a particular place, person, or something, so it should always start with capital letters. It does not matter if the proper noun is between the sentence. It will begin with a capital letter itself. One of the primary characteristics is that it adds more meaning to the sentence and makes it more effective. It mentions specific names of places, people, organizations, etc. 

Examples of Proper Nouns

The proper nouns examples are here in the proper nouns list:

  • George (Name)
  • South Africa (Place)
  • Indian Navy (Organization)

These are the basic examples of proper nouns, which you can categorize based on people, places, or different titles. 

Proper noun words in history: History of a particular place. (History of England)

Proper nouns in literature: Name of a poem or novel. (Merchant of Venice)

Popular Culture Proper Nouns: Brand Name. (Tesla)

The proper noun example are:

  • David who won the match.
  • We are visiting London next month.
  • You should buy a Mercedes.

Significance of Proper Nouns

Proper nouns are important in English grammar. These include:


Proper nouns are essential in improving communication. It gives the reader precise detail of what you want to say. It helps to understand the sentence clearly and quickly. You can identify particular individuals or locations easily. 

Add clarity

The proper nouns help to have more clarity in the sentences and specifically define the sentences. As the proper nouns also follow a capitalization rule, you can recognize them easily and understand the sentence. The sentence becomes clearer, and you can also specify the common noun you are talking about. 

Role of Storytelling and Characters

Proper nouns play a vital role in storytelling and enhance the characters in the sentences or stories. Due to the capitalization feature of the proper nouns, it has a positive impact. Any person reading the sentence can easily recognize the proper noun in the sentence and can understand it. The name of any character will always appear with a proper noun and have a specific representation.

Proper Nouns in sentences

Proper noun sentences are very effective in grammar. You particularly mention a name and capitalize the noun in that sentence. The examples are:

  • The name of my student was Root.
  • I am studying at St. Xavier’s College.
  • Mrs. Sharma is going to Austria next week.

You can use two proper nouns in a sentence and have to capitalize both these proper nouns.

You can change a common noun of a sentence with a proper noun which will add more detail. The example sentence is:

  • She is reading the newspaper (common noun).
  • She is reading The Telegraph (proper noun).

Replacing a common noun of a sentence with a proper noun will make it more efficient and detailed. As the proper noun starts with the capital letter, it will attract the reader’s attention, and you can attract them to the primary subject of the sentence.

Building a Proper Noun List

You can form a proper nouns list consisting of a common noun and the closest proper noun. This list will help you to form your sentences more appropriately.

Common Nouns

Proper Nouns
















Delhi University





These are the basic proper nouns according to their categories. You can use these nouns in your sentences.

You can also expand your list with additional categories and the proper nouns according to the categories of this list. You can form a never-ending list of proper nouns with many names. 

Proper Nouns, Words, and Vocabulary

You can also find various interesting and unique proper noun words as all of these words are unique and the names of different things. The unique proper nouns are:

  • Titanic
  • Blackberry
  • Nokia
  • Sachin

These unique names of a thing or a person make the entire concept of proper nouns unique. 

You can master the English language by understanding all the proper nouns. There are few lesser-known proper nouns in English grammar. These are:

Institution names

The name of any institution, school, or college is a proper noun and should be written in capital letters no matter if it is in between the sentences.

Food item names

The name of any food item is also a proper noun and will be treated equally as the other proper nouns of English grammar.

There is a diversity of proper nouns, as you can form a proper noun from any category you like. A name of anything, place, or person will be a proper noun, and you can have a wide diversity and range of proper nouns in English grammar, which will never end. Using a decent number of proper nouns in your sentence is advisable, or else it will be clumsy and difficult to understand. It is essential to use the proper nouns a decent number of times and in a proper way. 

list of adverbs for kids

Transform Your English Skills

Free sign-up for a personalised dashboard, learning tools, and unlimited possibilities!

Sign up Now Learn English Grammar Online

PTE Tutorials: Fast-Track to Your Top Score!

Master PTE: Dive in for success!

Sign up Now Learn English

Key Takeaways

  1. Proper nouns add more clarity to the sentence
  2. They make it more efficient.
  3. You can write Proper nouns anywhere in the sentence.
  4. It is compulsory to capitalize proper nouns.
  5. You can capitalize it in any place of the sentence, not only the beginning.


Check your score in the end


Check your score in the end
Question of

Question comes here

Frequently Asked Questions

Are all names considered proper nouns?

Yes, the name of anything or any person is a proper noun. If you mention any person or thing in your sentence, you need to capitalize it and write it because it will fall under the category of proper nouns.

What are some examples of proper nouns?

You will have a wide range of examples of proper nouns which you can use in your sentences and make them more effective. The example of proper noun words are:

  • Rose
  • Diamond
  • Belgium
  • Honda 

The example of proper noun sentences are:

  • I will go to France for further studies.
  • Ronaldo plays football for Portugal.
  • He is buying a Mercedes next week.

These are a few examples that you can follow.

Are there any specific rules for writing proper nouns?

There is one specific rule you need to follow while writing the proper nouns: it is the capitalization rule. You have to start the proper nouns in capital letters, whether or not it is at the beginning of the sentence.

How do I identify proper nouns in a sentence?

To identify a proper noun in a sentence, you need to see if it is in capital letters or if it depicts the name of anything or a person. Proper nouns will start with a capital letter, whether between the sentence or not. If the word defines a particular name, you can identify it as a proper noun.

Share it with your friends

Learn English


Sign up for Learner Newsletter

Subscribe now for discounts, learning resources, blogs and guides. We do not spam.

We won’t pass your details on to anyone else. By clicking the subscribe button you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.


Sign up for Tutor Newsletter

Subscribe now for discounts, learning resources, blogs and guides. We do not spam.

We won’t pass your details on to anyone else. By clicking the subscribe button you agree to our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

PTE Tutorials: Customised Packages for Every Learner


$75 AUD

One time



$275 AUD

One time


$575 AUD

One time