Learning English Grammar Online | Adjectives and their types

English Grammar

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What are Adjectives?

Adjectives are the words that describe the quality or quantity of nouns, their characteristics, type, colour, amount etc. Adjectives describe nouns or pronouns and their forms. They do not describe verbs, adverbs or other elements used in a sentence.

Examples- 

  • My mother cooks delicious and authentic Indian food.
  • Harry lives in a luxurious apartment across Main Street.
  • Jenny looked beautiful in her new dress.
  • The boys in my neighbourhood are naughty.

Here, the adjectives used are delicious, authentic, luxurious, beautiful and naughty. All of these words describe the nouns in the sentences.

What are the degrees of Adjectives?

Adjectives have two degrees – 

  • Comparative Adjectives
  • Superlative Adjectives

Comparative Adjectives

Adjectives are used to make comparisons between two persons or things. They even show a change in certain situations.

Examples- 

  • The patient is feeling better now after the surgery.
  • My relatives are looking for a bigger house outside the town.
  • The child seems happier after he gets a new toy from his parents.

Here, comparative adjectives used are- better, bigger and happier.

Note– We sometimes use ‘than’ to make comparisons between different things.

Examples-

  • Jane is two years older than her brother.
  • A watermelon is bigger than a lemon.
  • Ripe mangoes are sweeter than raw mangoes.

Superlative Adjectives

A superlative adjective expresses the extreme or highest degree of quality. Superlative adjectives usually end with ‘est.’

Examples-

  • I saw the tallest building in the city yesterday.
  • This is the best picture taken by the photographer.
  • Joanie is the youngest daughter in her family.

Here, superlative adjectives are- tallest, best and youngest.

Intensifiers with Adjectives

We use intensifiers with adjectives to exhibit the intensity of the adjective used. They describe a quality increasing in strength or degree.

Examples- 

  • Andrew was narrating a very interesting story to his friends.
  • The kids became really excited to see the surprise gifts.
  • Shane passed on an absolutely awful remark about her colleague.

Here, we have intensifiers used as- very, really and absolutely that describe the intensity of adjectives used, which are interesting, excited, and awful.

Intensifiers with comparatives and superlatives

Intensifiers can also be used with comparatives and superlatives.

Examples-

  • Robert is much younger than Andy.
  • India is a lot bigger country than Sri Lanka.
  • This black camera is by far the most expensive camera I have ever had.
  • The house is quite a lot calmer when the kids are not around.

Here, intensifiers used are- much, a lot, by far, quite a lot are used with adjectives- younger, bigger, expensive and calmer.

English-Grammar

What are the types of adjectives?

Following are the different types of adjectives.

Demonstrative Adjectives

These modify a noun or a pronoun, while stressing its importance.

Examples-

  • These are my books kept inside the cupboard.
  • This is my friend’s notepad.
  • Those people are creating chaos outside the house.

Here, these, those, this are the demonstrative adjectives.

Adjective of Number

These are used to indicate the numeric value of a noun in a sentence.

Examples-

  • The red velvet cake was decorated with six candles.
  • He ordered a pack of five chocolates for his sister.
  • This sweet dish requires two litres of condensed milk.

Here, six, five, two are Adjectives of Number.

Indefinite Adjectives

As the name suggests, these are used to describe nouns in a  non-specific manner.

Examples-

  • Do you have some money with you?
  • We do not have any jam left in the kitchen.
  • Add a few drops of lemon and salt into the water and mix it well.

Here, some, any, few- are Indefinite Adjectives.

Common examples for Adjectives

Adjectives can be used to describe many elements like sound, colour, taste, touch, etc. Let us discuss all of these.

Adjectives for Taste

These are used to describe taste, flavours of food items. Some of the adjectives are-

SpicySalty
YummyDelicious
TangyMinty
SweetTasty

Examples-

  • The oranges I bought yesterday were very tangy.
  • The chef prepared delicious Thai cuisine at the restaurant.
  • James does not like to eat spicy food, as he feels sick after eating it.

Adjectives for Touch

These are used to describe the feel or touch of something or someone. Some of the touch adjectives are-

GreasyHot
CoolDry
SoftSilky
WetUneven

Examples-

  • The child loves his teddy bear a lot because it is soft.
  • That chicken was extremely dry.
  • The road’s surface became uneven after the heavy rainfall.

Adjectives for Sound

These are used to describe the sounds that a person hears. Some of the adjectives used are-

MelodicLoud
QuietSilent
HuskyScreeching
ThunderingWhispering

Examples-

  • The nightingale has a melodic voice.
  • The door made a screeching sound.
  • The children were whispering about a secret plan.

Adjectives for Colour

These are used to talk about the colour of a noun or a pronoun. Some of the adjectives used are-

DullRosy
BrightGold
Multi-colouredPinkish
DarkSilver

Examples-

  • This dress is available in a dull shade of blue.
  • The clown looked adorable in his multi-coloured attire at the circus.
  • Some people do not like to wear dark coloured clothes.

Adjectives for Size

These are used to describe the size of a noun or a pronoun. Some of the adjectives used are-

FatChubby
SmallTall
JumboHuge
Tiny Massive

Examples-

  • I was amazed to see many tall buildings in Dubai.
  • The chubby girl looked cute in her pink dress.
  • The children got a small aquarium with tiny fishes in it.

Adjectives for Shape

These are used to describe shape of a person or a thing. Some of the adjectives used are-

CircularCylindrical
FlatHollow
OvalRound
SteepWide

Examples-

  • I stored vanilla muffins in a cylindrical shaped container.
  • Jeremy used a big box to keep her expensive jewellery.
  • The mirror  is oval shaped with beautiful white stones around it.

Adjectives for Time

These are used to describe the time or duration. Some of the adjectives used are-

DailyIrregular 
Early Annual
HistoricalModern
Old fashionedRegular

Examples-

  • We should read newspapers on a daily basis.
  • That building in New Delhi looked historical.
  • The manager expects all the employees to submit the report on an annual basis.

Adjectives for Personality

These are used to describe the personality of people, animals etc. Some of the adjectives used are-

Diligent Weird
JauntyVivacious
ErraticBreathless
ExuberantGabby

Examples-

  • That strange man near the church looked very weird.
  • She is diligent in her work.
  • He looks breathless after a jog in the park.
quiz

Practice Exercise

Fill in the blanks using Adjectives. For reference, words are given in parenthesis (). 

Question Text

See Answer

Q1: Healthy food is always __ than junk food.

        B: “Better”

Q2: Meeting Amitabh Bachchan will be the __ day in anyone’s life.

        A: “Happiest”

Q3: Which is the __ time to visit the mountains.

        D: “Best”

Q4: Victoria is __ than me.

        B: “Older”

Q5: If you work hard, your scores will be __ .

        C: “Better”

Q6: This restaurant serves the __ Italian food in the town.

        D: “Best”

Q7: Which is the __ river in the world?

        A: “Longest”

Q8: Pumpkins are __ than grapes.

        C: “Bigger”

Q9: John is the __ boy in the school.

        A: “Tallest”

Q10: Maria is __ than her sister Suzie.

        C: “Younger”

Q11: The baby was looking __ adorable in his new dress.

        A: “very”

Q12: This is  __ amazing view!

        A: “an absolutely”

Q13: My neighbour’s children are __ brilliant in their studies.

        B: “execptionally”

Q14: My friend is __ intelligent.

        D: “highly”

Q15: He is a __ better speaker than I am.

        A: “far”

Q16: This shop is __ cheaper than the previous one.

        A: “much”

Q17: He runs __ faster than his friend does.

        C: “a lot”

Q18: In some places, it is __ cold in the month of January.

        C: “bitterly”

Q19: The labours and farmers work __hard for their livelihood and survival.

        D: “extremely”

Q20: The brown building is __ older than it looks.

        B: “much”

Q21: That __ man donated a lot of money and clothes for the charity.

        A: “rich”,

Q22: We should hold __ meetings.

        A: “regular”,

Q23: The children are playing in the playground with a __ disc.

        B: “circular”,

Q24: Ants are very __ when compared to elephants.

        B: “tiny”,

Q25: The boy slipped on the __ floor and broke his leg.

        D: “slippery”,

Q26: The auditorium was __ when the chief guest arrived.

        B: “silent”

Q27: That dessert became very __ as the chef added sugar twice in it.

        A: “sweet”

Q28: The car’s engine became __ due to the humid weather.

        A: “hot”

Q29: Some people are happy with their __ customs.

        B: “old fashioned”

Q30: The __ shining star looked amazing.

        C: “bright”

Identify the adjectives with their types used in the following sentences.

QuestionAnswer
  1. The Mughals built that building.
  2. Sarah had three boxes of coconut cookies.
  3. We visited several stores looking for a particular black dress.
  4. These pencils kept in the box belong to Andrew.
  5. A cricket team consists of eleven players.
  6. I purchased few oranges from the market.
  7. This is my favourite play by Shakespeare.
  8. There is no sugar left in the jar.
  9. My friend has three cars.
  10. She made many walnut cookies for the party.
  1. That- demonstrative adjectives
  2. Three- adjective of number
  3. Several- indefinite adjectives
  4. These- demonstrative adjectives
  5. Eleven- adjective of number
  6. Few- indefinite adjectives
  7. This- demonstrative adjectives
  8. No- indefinite adjectives
  9. Three- adjective of number
  10. Many- indefinite adjectives

Rewrite the following sentences (that are incorrect) using correct forms of adjectives.

QuestionAnswer
  1. Foxes are considered very stupid.
  2. The teacher scolded the chubby kids who were doing mischief.
  3. I had to clean my room because it was very neat.
  4. He is a wealth man.
  5. My father got some juice mangoes from the market today.
  6. We need to wear warm clothes when the weather is hot.
  7. The rainbow looks colourless.
  8. The new silver locket belongs to my grandmother.
  9. They did not pay the fees as they had enough money.
  10. The guests enjoyed the tasteless meal.
  1. Foxes are considered very clever.
  2. The teacher scolded the naughty kids who were doing mischief.
  3. I had to clean my room because it was very dirty.
  4. He is a wealthy man.
  5. My father got some juicy mangoes from the market today.
  6. We need to wear warm clothes when the weather is cold.
  7. The rainbow seems colourful.
  8. The old silver locket belongs to my grandmother.
  9. They did not pay the fees as they had less money.
  10. The guests enjoyed the tasty meal.

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